Different categories of actors are involved in Guifi: Volunteers, Professionals, Companies, Service Providers, Government, Academic. In july 2008, the members of the Guifi community decided to constitute a non profit Foundation, Guifi.net Foundation, that gives a legal identity to the community. Its mission is to supervision the management of the network infrastructure as a commons, and has a coordination and arbitration role. Among its activities, it maintains the NCL and enforces its compliance when necessary. It also play a proactive role in building and maintaining a set of tools (e.g. IP address space, legal identity, possibility to operate under its name). Internet access is the most popular service offered by Guifi, but also services related to the infrastructure deployment and maintenance, and on the other hand, services delivered over the network are offered, such as: VoIP, remote maintenance or backups, new services such as video streaming and video on-demand.
Scientific studies shows that Guifi community network has helped to reduce the geographical digital divide in Catalonia by increasing the Internet access rate in Osona-county. (Fuchs 2017). As Navarro outlines, the Catalan county with the best results, and the only one above the EU average, is Osona, where guifi.net was born. The indicators of other counties with significant guifi.net presence, such as Bages and Baix Ebre, are also high when compared to similar counties where guifi.net is not present. (Navarro, 2015).
Source: Torino Flash, http://www.torinoflash.it/co-city-proposta-comune-urban-innovative-action/
|Sector||Regeneration, urban commons, participation, co-governance|
|Year of beginning||1990s|
|Object||The city of Turin has a long-lasting experience in the field of urban regeneration and redevelopment and, in the last 15 years, it has been working to implement a set of policies, tools and frameworks in order to manage the city’s transformation. Turin’s awareness of the importance of regeneration was stimulated by the need to deal with the existence in the area of numerous abandoned industrial buildings, which called for a re-thinking of the city’s identity. At the same time, the Administration had to face a security crisis in different central neighborhoods. These two elements, together with the availability of resources thanks to the Organization of the Olympic games in 2006, led to broad investments in urban regeneration and in projects aiming at reinforcing the city’s social structure.
More recent developments saw the adoption in January 2016 of the “Regulation on collaboration between citizens and the Administration for the care, shared management and regeneration of the urban commons” (inspired by the Bologna Regulation), an instrument allowing for a deeper involvement of all urban actors (citizens and civil society but also private actors and knowledge institutions) in the care and regeneration of urban commons.
Additionally, the city has recently been included between the 18 winners of the first UIA (Urban innovative Action) competition, which resulted in a 4.1 million financing from the EU Commission to the CO-City project, proposed by the City administration in collaboration with Turin’s University, ANCI and the Foundation Cascina Roccafranca. The project takes as its starting point the Regulation on the commons, and adopts the collaboration pacts as an instrument to foster collaboration between citizens and local administration. The project addresses the challenge of regenerating the most deprived city’s neighborhood and fighting social exclusion. It aims at transforming abandoned buildings and vacant land into hubs of residents’ participation, in order to foster community spirit and to create social enterprises, reducing in this way unemployment and urban poverty. The commons will be entrusted to the care and management of citizens through forms of active participation, supported by the Case di Quartiere (Neighborhood Houses) network. The project will adopt digital instruments such as First Life, a platform developed by the University with the aim of facilitating citizens’ involvement and mapping community projects.
|Source||Co-City Torino, Italy. Source: Urban Innovative Action http://www.uia-initiative.eu/fr/uia-cities/turin; Regolamento sulla collaborazione tra cittadini e amministrazione per la cura, la gestione condivida e la rigenerazione dei bei comuni urbani. http://www.comune.torino.it/benicomuni/bm~doc/regolamento-beni-comuniurbani-n_375.pdf|
|Name||Civic Uses for the Commons|
|Year of beginning||2014|
|Who started the initiative (NGO, public administration, association)||Association of citizens|
|Object||Inspired by other commons initiatives like the one in Naples, the City of Messina has passed some resolutions to transform urban spaces in the City of Messica through the use of the principle of “civic uses” for urban commons, with the aim of appropriating spaces and buildings for the common good and for the organization of cultural, artistic, and social activities.
The city has thus embarked in a process of widening of the forms of citizen participation in the administrative choices of the municipal democracies. The aim is to build a shared administration model for the maintenance, management and development of urban commons.
Within this purpose, the first step has been moved with the resolution of January 30th, 2014, with which the Municipal Council of Messina created the “Messina Lab for the commons and the participated institutions”. The resolution sets out the objectives the Lab will have to pursue in carrying out its activities, highlighting the intent of implementing new, more transparent and more democratic forms of urban governance.
During its first six months of activity, the Lab carried out its duties by elaborating a Regulation for the shared use of the commons of the city of Messina and those goods that are subject to the principle of civic subsidiarity. It created new communication spaces, canalized proposals from below, and offered a space to start elaborative processes of cooperation.
Moreover, on March 24th, 2015, the Assessor on self-management of commons formulated a proposal aimed to identify the criteria for the implementation of shared use and granting of use of immovable goods of Municipal property.
|Source||Website and articles|
Source: Mott Haven Herald https://www.motthavenherald.com/
|Location||South Bronx (New York City)|
|Name||Mott Haven, The Lincoln Recovery Center|
|Year of beginning||2016|
|Object||Thanks to the local residents’ activities, the Lincoln Recovery Center could be transformed into a community center. In South Bronx, in particular in Mott Haven, a place currently in the process of gentrification, the building that once hosted the Lincoln Recovery Center is object of discussion between the residents of the neighborhood, where a proposal to transform it into a community space is currently being elaborated.|
|Source||Mott Haven Herald, New York City. Source: Website.|