Source: Photos Tell Stories https://photostellstories.org/2015/03/11/photo-of-the-day-women-of-community-led-total-sanitation-nigeria/
|Name||Community Land Trust – Voi|
|Date||End of the 1990’s|
|Description of the project||The Community Land Trust in Voi experiment is the first of its kind in the country. Colonial policies did not allow for an African to own land in urban areas. African workers were settled on the peripheries of urban areas – within the ‘native reserves’ and were granted a Temporary Occupation Licence (TOL) that rendered them tenants at will of the state with no right to build permanent structures. Hence Africans could only build temporary structures using traditional materials like wood and clay with grass thatch or tin roofs. This has continued into the 1990s and the poor who continue to settle on the edges of the towns are still treated as temporary occupants or ‘squatters’. Hence the issue of security of tenure becomes important beyond mere access so that people can build and own homes and develop communities rather than live like refugees in their own cities and towns.
Government is now being encouraged to reconsider its land tenure policy in the light of the CLT experience in Voi and to expand creative thinking in the area of land tenure policy based upon an African perspective of land tenure that benefits the community rather than just the individual.
|References, sources, contact person(s)||Emmanuel Midheme, Frank Moulaert. “Pushing back the frontiers of property: Community land trusts and low-income housing in urban Kenya”, Land Use Policy, Volume 35, 2013.
Jaffer Murtaza, The Tanzania-Bondeni Community Lands Trust, Voi, Kenya. Habitat International Coalition. 1996.