Source: Millennium Challenge Corporation, https://www.mcc.gov/sectors/sector/water-and-sanitation
|Name||Community-led Management Over Local Water Supplies|
|Community||Level||Street / Neighborhood|
|Sector||Community Management of Natural Resources|
|Year of beginning||2005|
|People involved||Interventions in WSS were supported in 15 district of Luapula, Muchinga and Northern provinces as well as Central Province.|
|Who started the initiative (NGO, public administration, association)||Government Agencies and Programs|
|Object||The National Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Programme (NRWSSP) was elaborated and developed in 2005 to guide all government and donor interventions in water supply and sanitation (WSS) in rural areas (GRZ, 2005) and, since then the NRWSSP has been directing all interventions and interventions in WSS in rural areas of Zambia.
The core approach adopted was the Sustainable Operation and Maintenance Project (SOMAP) O&M mechanism and model which were developed and tested in two phases of the Rural Water Supply (SOMAP1 and SOMAP2) implemented by the Ministry of Local Government and Housing with the technical cooperation by Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) (GRZ and JICA, 2013). Amongst the many objectives that guided the reform process in Zambia, two of these were of direct bearing on strengthening community-based management, namely: promoting community management and integration of hygiene education in rural WSS; development of human resource capacity by promoting training in all institutions and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Education (WASHE) training in rural areas (NWASCO, 2004). D
In line with the goal of the National Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Programme of providing sustainable access to water supply and sanitation in rural areas so as to contribute towards poverty alleviation of Zambia’s rural population (GRZ, 2007), interventions in WSS were supported in 15 district of Luapula, Muchinga and Northern provinces as well as Central Province.
|Source||Sankwe Michael Kambole, “Towards Achieving A Sustainable Community-led Rural Water Supply Management Model in Zambia: Strides or Rhetoric?”. 7 th RWSN Forum “Water for Everyone”, 2016. https://rwsnforum7.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/full_paper_0030_submitter_0040_kambole_sankwemichael.pdf|