by Christian Iaione | Aug 20, 2017 | Blog, Publications, Uncategorized
“Where we are able to identify a network of urban commons, or some degree of polycentricism in the governance of urban resources, we begin to see the transformation of the city into a commons—a collaborative space—supported and enabled by the state.”
The article “Ostrom in the City: Design Principles for the Urban Commons” by Sheila Foster, Washington, and Christian Iaione, published in The Nature of Cities, on 20 August 2017, investigates how designing the city as a commons can help in addressing urgent urban issues such as urban poverty, gentrification, climate change, and migration, among others. Authors take reference from Elinor Ostrom’s groundbreaking research about collaborative management of common pool resources, or commons, for economic and environmental sustainability adapting the Ostrom design principle to the urban context with the aim of rethinking the governance of cities and the management of their resources. Urban commons are different from natural resources and more traditional commons in important ways, so the adaptation of Ostrom’s theories to the urban context implied an extensive research. The study at the basis of the article surveyed 100+ cities around the world to extract from these examples a set of design principles that resulted distinctively different from those offered by Elinor Ostrom but kept the potentiality of paving the way towards a transition to more fair, inclusive, sustainable, resilient futures given existing patterns of urbanization and the contested nature of urban resources.
Read the full article here.
by Christian Iaione | Aug 19, 2017 | Publications
The article, The Right To the Co-city, authored by Christian Iaione is published on the Italian Journal of Public Law, Volume 9 Issue 1 2017.
The study is an effort to contribute to the current urban studies debate on the way to conceptualize the city by advancing a rights-based approach and to suggest that to build such vision one needs to reconceive the city as a commons, which is to say that the city serves as an infrastructure enabling the “pooling” of city inhabitants actions, energies, resources and the cooperation between city inhabitants and other four urban actors thereby embedding a “quintuple helix” or “pentahelix” approach in the governance design of the city. Part I articulates the most prominent visions or paradigms of the city of the 21st century and the “metaphors” that are currently used to conceptualize the city. From an interdisciplinary perspective, this part then discusses some complications and emerging key points that deserve further reflection. In Part II, the article argues that a rights-based paradigm or vision in the conceptualization of the city is emerging. It does so through the analysis of urban laws and policies adopted in exemplary case studies such as Naples and Barcelona, on one side, and Bologna and Turin, on the other side. Two main rights-based approaches seem to emerge: the rebel city model and the co-city model. In Part III, to better define this fourth urban paradigm and in particular the second approach, a focus on the key concept of commons and a review of the main bodies of literature is provided which are key to carve out the concept of “pooling” as a form of cooperation that encompasses both sharing of congestible resources to avoid scarcity and collaboration around non congestible, constructed resources to generate abundance. Building on the existing literature of a particular subset of studies on infrastructure commons, the concept of pooling is extracted from the observation of how pooling as a demand-side strategy can both expand or leverage the idle “capacity” of an infrastructure to avoid congestion and at the same time generate abundance. Pooling is particular effective in explaining the main features of a peculiar vision of the rights-based city, the co-city approach, ultimately envisioning the city as an enabling infrastructure for social and economic pooling. Part IV offers concluding remarks and proposes the idea of the “right to the co-city” to build a body of urban law and policies advancing “urban rights to pooling” as a key legal tool to structure a commons-oriented interpretation of the fourth vision of the city, the rights-based approach.
The article is available in an open access format here.
by Alessandra Pirera | Nov 17, 2016 | Publications
“Citizens should not just be involved, but they should be driving the process, being the managers.”
What does the rise of bottom-up initiatives mean for our current welfare state? Does it provide a way out of the growing dichotomy between active citizens and non-active citizens?
Professor Christian Iaione (LUISS University, Rome) talks about the idea of a ‘co-city’ – cognitive, collaborative city – which has been implemented in Bologna’s administration.
Read the full interview here.
by Christian Iaione | Nov 9, 2016 | Publications, Uncategorized
“Society runs, the economy follows. Let’s (re)design institutions and law together.” This is the credo of LabGov – the Laboratory for the governance of the commons in Italy, that was behind the pioneering “Bologna Regulation” – a guidebook on public-civic collaboration in the city. Kati Van de Velde spoke with LabGov’s founder, Professor Christian Iaione. He and his team are currently working on the “Bologna Co-City” project, to implement the Bologna Regulation and to foster the idea of public collaboration in the city of Bologna. Read the full interview here
by Alessandra Pirera | Nov 2, 2016 | Publications, Uncategorized
“When widely and intensely shared urban resources increase solidarity and generative potential, they can invert the tragedy of the commons paradigm.”
The article “The Co-City: From the Tragedy to the Comedy of the Urban Commons” by Sheila Foster published in The Nature of Cities, on 2 November 2016 analyses the concept of “urban commons” increasingly embraced by scholars, activists, citymakers, policymakers, and politicians. Taking reference from the essay “The Tragedy of the Commons” by Garret Hardin, the author investigates how the concept of the commons changed once applied to the urban context, acquiring new meanings and transformative potential. The article investigates the difference between natural resources (traditional commons) and urban commons, and analyses different forms of management and governance of common goods in cities in line with the Bologna regulation – and the related co-city protocol designed by LabGov – that defines “urban commons” as following:
“Urban commons: the goods, tangible, intangible, and digital, that citizens and the Administration, [through] participative and deliberative procedures, recognize to be functional to the individual and collective wellbeing…to share the responsibility with the Administration of their care or regeneration in order to improve [their] collective enjoyment”
Read the full article here.
by Alessandra Pirera | Feb 6, 2016 | Publications
In this interview, conducted in Trento in February 2016 by Urban Next
, Professor Christian Iaione
speaks about the importance of developing a scientific and methodological protocol allowing for the creation of Co-Cities,
based on the idea of the city as a commons. The video originally appeared on Urban Next’s official website
A Co-City is characterized by “urban co-governance, which implies shared, collaborative, polycentric governance of the urban commons and in which environmental, cultural, knowledge and digital urban resources are co-managed through contractual or institutionalized public-private-community partnerships”.
The Co-City protocol aims at drawing a series of design principles which can be used to develop forms of collaborative governance in our cities. Such principles, which strive for being universal, will need to be adapted to the peculiarities of the context in which we are operating in order to result in the most suitable form of governance. The protocol envisages 5 phases: mapping, practicing, prototyping, testing and evaluating.
LabGov has recently launched the Co-city platform, through which city users and practitioners can become part of the network, discover the different forms of collaborative governance which are emerging all over the world and begin applying the design principles to other cities, in order to develop commons-based governance systems.
Christian Iaione | Developing Protocols for the City of Commons from urbanNext on Vimeo.