Imo State-Okobi One Business One Kindred Initiative


Location Imo State, Nigeria
Variable Community Businesses


DP_1: Collective Governance According to the Helix system[1], we can analyze the situation of OKOBI One Kindred One Business Initiative:


1)    Active citizens, commoners, social innovators, city makers, and local communities. This dimension is visible because the project brings together communities to set up businesses and this entails the presence of these traits making OKOBI a clear manifestation of the common agenda. The community spreads the idea behind the initiative.

2)    Public authorities: A collaboration with the government happen, where the government gives the necessary legitimacy required by registering these communities.

3)    Private actors (national or local businesses; small and medium enterprises; social business): Okobi also engages with the private sector through which other organizations assist in terms of funding.

4)    Civil society organizations and NGOs: NGOs collaborate with Okobi to provide guidance and advice and sometimes provide sponsorships.

5)    Knowledge institutions: This is done through the government’s push where it gives the necessary legitimacy to research institutions and knowledge centers to build the required capacity.

Hence it can be said that the variable is Moderate.

DP_2: Enabling State The Enabling State factor is moderate because even though a positive interaction is seen on the government’s part, the Government is not always needed. After all, communities come together with a shared agenda to be able to address their issues. They are trying to build a proper economic philosophy, not just for the State but the whole country. The idea is to sell the concept and make it replicable to other communities. More can be done to ensure an enabling state to make projects like these go far.

For these reasons, it can be said that a moderate dependent variable for enabling state is identified.





DP_3: Social Poolism The initiative is financially supported through collaborative efforts, with contributions coming from individuals, NGOs, and impact investors who share a common goal of fostering social and environmental impact in society. Funds are channeled into businesses within communities, emphasizing a collective approach to drive positive change. Notably, public funds are not directly utilized in this initiative. The role of the government is primarily centered on providing technical expertise and legitimacy to the project. OKOBI specifically targets underdeveloped rural communities, where basic amenities like roads and water supply may be lacking. Unlike urban areas where the middle class collaborates differently, OKOBI’s approach revolves around empowering communities to address their own needs and uplift their living standards. It underscores a unique model of community-driven development distinct from the collaborative efforts often seen in city-based middle-class initiatives. Therefore, this component is rated Moderate.


DP_4: Experimentalism Different alternative approaches are experimented with through diverse programs, with multiple forms: meetings, surveys, exhibitions, educational programs, and preservation projects. CEBRE has innovative projects that enable a whole community to ensure a thriving economic community with effective policies. This variable is seen as Moderate because circumstances have prevented CEBRE from exploring and initiating many projects in other parts of the city.


DP_5: Tech justice The potential of digital infrastructures and access to technology to facilitate collaboration is not considered. Here we have a Weak dependent variable for tech justice.



(Imo State, Nigeria-Okobi One Business One Kindred Initiative-Community Building and Development -2022)

Civi eState-Commons Agenda-Netherlands

Civi eState-Commons Agenda-Netherlands


Criteria  Material (interview & research)  Coding reference  Strength 
Co- governance  Public institutions are part of the solution. We also collaborate with artists. Part of the new structure would be with economy.” 

They are not yet structuring a co-governance scheme. 

A3.a. Small scale and Shared governance (Public-citizen/community):  Moderate (2) 
Enabling State  Developing an enabling state is their first main goal.  

It is not yet achieved because they depend of political coalition and it takes time. 

B2. Collaborative: The State embraces a horizontal approach, without giving up with his role and duties. It supports the commons by investing on or funding them or providing technical support rather than contracting out some services. It shares political and strategic decisions rather than administrative ones.  Moderate (2) 
Poolism  They encourage initiatives that put resources in commons. However, they cannot be considered an initiative which promote poolism more than the gig economy.  N/A  N/A 
Experimentalism  They led survey as a basis of their future work to open the debate about Commons. They work as an incubator. They work as a public policy within the city council. They built connection with other methodology.  D2. Adaptive: The project relies on a methodology or on a structure/process that is exportable and adaptable to different contexts  Moderate(2) 
Tech Justice  They do not tackle this issue.  0 



Civi eState-Commons Agenda-Netherlands- 2017- Public Policy- Commons Agenda Promotion-—samenwerken-aan-sociale-en-duurzame-stad

Photo Credits:—samenwerken-aan-sociale-en-duurzame-stad

Commons Agenda Amsterdam is a public policy which aims at promoting Commons in the Netherlands. They open the debate about it, in civil society and the City Council, to think how can the local government foster Commons. The Action Plan, AmsterDOEN is about public-commons partnerships and how to strengthen them. They are still at the begining phase. For the future, they have three main lines : Financial and legal instruments, Strenghtening the ecosystem, and Strengthening the narrative of the Commons. 

596 Acres -New York

596 Acres -New York


Criteria  Description from Interview and Research  Conclusion regarding the codebook  Code (/3)  Strength 
Urban co-governance  596 Acres is New York City’s community land access program, helping neighbors organize around and gain access to New York City’s vacant land to unlock the potential of the urban commons since 2011. A small non-profit organization with a lean budget and nimble staff, 596 Acres operates under a much larger non-profit, the Fund for the City of New York (FCNY), as a Partner Project. The Fund provides crucial back office support as we do our work in the furtherance of the Fund’s mission to “improve the quality of life for all New Yorkers.”  

Fund for the City of New York (FCNY) 

96 Acres works with with neighbors, other not-for-profit companies, artists and designers, educational institutions, and government at various levels to share data and legal information. Bridge the gvrnt and the governed. 

invite participation from key stakeholders 

596 Acres team has partnered with advocates in Philly, Los Angeles, New Orleans, Toronto and Berlin to create similar tools that make the commons visible 











=> 596 Acres develop the Quintuple helix model. 

However : the role of companies is not that important. Also, even though 596 might want to; the State is not involved as an important actor.  


=>596 Acres refers to the type : Small    scale    and    Shared    governance    (Public 

-citizen /community) 



2  Moderate 
Enabling state  First 596 work, then recognition eventually by by NYC municipal government. 

We also protect spaces by helping to achieve land transfers, inclusion in land trusts, and leases with public authorities 


But the collaboration of the NY City and lobbies regarding taxes, debt and vacant lands, are identified obstacles to valorise vacant lands. 

=> the state is a key element to agree on appropriation of vacant land. 596 Acres manage to get their agreement on numerous cases 

=> however, the government is sometimes reluctant. The state accept 596 demands more than embracing them. 


Regarding 596 voluntee, ones may think to a type B4 Informal (strong), but the State reluctance push us to think a Weak level of Enabling State.  

1,5  Weak 
Pooling  Pooling vacant land 

Pooling of information : “We make information about public land opportunities visible and relevant to invite people, particularly those have been disconnected from power over land for generations, to exercise their right to use the commons. “ 

Pooling technical tools 

Pooling right to shape the city 

596’s aims are to build spaces : 1)  collectively managed 

2) multi-actor 

3)autonomous, interdependent 

4) involves  a transfer of resources to 

the collective group; 

5) right  to  the  city  


=> C2b  “ 

commoning  economy 




3  Strong 
Experimentalism  Each case supported has its own specificity and works through collective governance, directed toward urban food, art… 


advocates in Philly, Los Angeles, New Orleans, Toronto and Berlin to create similar tools that make the commons visible. Groups around the world have also built their own version of 596 Acres’ tools in the cities of Montreal, Pittsburgh, Old Trafford, Melbourne and Sydney. Our code base, Living Lots™ is open source and free to use as a project of the commons 

=> replicable tool. Methodology scalable to other context. Innovative tool : public sign to raise awareness. The project has a view at international level as well as local, to share experience. 

=> Nevertheless, the governance of the resource is quite common. 


=> it may correspond to a D1 [experimentalist] type. (moderate) The project adopts an innovative methodology for its internal organization, for the provision of the service and the production 

2  Moderate 
Tech Justice  connect neighbors to our online map and organizing web-tool, along with the 596 Acres’ staff, who can steer and support residents through legal advice and technical assistance. 

online organizing webtool, Living Lots ( 

3  Strong 



Photo Credits:

New York-596 Acres-2011-  Neighborhood Funding- Livelihood Improvement-


Nkoranza- Green Nkoranza Project

Country Ghana
City Nkoranza
Name Green Nkoranza Project
Date 2020
Description of the project The goal is to minimize deforestation and maximize or increase tree planting, gardening, and cultivation practices within households in the Nkoranza Municipality.

The project has been engaged in tree-planting activities over the past 4 years and the species are thriving. The methodology used is a simple tree-planting technique in collaboration with the Forestry Commission Department. The time frame is 2 years after the planting season, but in the long term without disturbance from construction, urbanization as well as timber operators the trees will be in good shape. Mostly labor is an issue due to high payment demands especially if the project is long and financial Resources to pay labor is not enough. To solve this, we seek to get more aid to fund projects. On a global scale, this seeks to solve climate change issues. The project engaged and accepted the ideas of local participants to help in its sustenance. Projects are planned to fit local conditions due to the changes in city planning and there is effective team building since members are encouraged to take up responsibility. It allows for shared values to befit society in relation to the project plan. Projects are a drive towards environmental sustainability to help restore and preserve plant life in urban communities.  

Urban Co-Governance Weak
Enabling State Moderate
Pooling Weak
Experimentalism Moderate
Tech Justice Weak
Project Website No website yet
References, sources, contact person(s) Contact:

Green Nkoranza Project-2020- Green Transitions-Minimizing Climate Change Effects in Ghana- Green




Kumasi-Centre for Economic and Business Research (CEBRE)

Kumasi-Centre for Economic and Business Research (CEBRE)

Photo credits:

Country Ghana
City Kumasi
Name Centre for Economic and Business Research (CEBRE)
Date 2016
Description of the project Centre for Economic and Business Research (CEBRE) is an independent non-partisan, non-governmental think tank based in Kumasi Ghana. CEBRE supplies independent Socio-Economic research findings and forecasting to governments, NGOs, multinational agencies, donor agencies, private firms, and public organizations. The Centre also supports rural entrepreneurship and Local Economic Development (LED). CEBRE supports policy-focused research and policy advocacy for government departments, non-governmental organizations, donor agencies, and multilateral institutions to promote inclusive development. CEBRE has its headquarters in Kumasi-Ghana.


It applies different methodologies depending on the situation it must address. They work with multiple stakeholders and apply different methodologies to suit each stakeholder at any point in time.

Urban Co-Governance Moderate
Enabling State Weak
Pooling Weak
Experimentalism Moderate
Tech Justice Weak
Project Website
References, sources, contact person(s) Contact:

(Kumasi, Ghana-Centre for Economic and Business Research-2016-Local, Urban, Economic, and Business Policy-Research, Policy and Advocacy –